Thomas Ruff ma.r.s
The works of the ma.r.s. series are based on black-and-white satellite photographs of the surface of Mars, taken by the high-resolution camera aboard NASA´s spacecraft Mars Renaissance Orbiter. These images, studied by scientists for information about the planet’s geology and potential landing sites for future visits, reveal extreme close-ups of the planet’s rugged surface, until recently unseen by anyone.
The high-resolution images are taken in black/white because of the amount of data, that has to be sent back to earth (color photographs would have four times the quantity and this would raise problems transmitting in regard to time and storage).
I digitally processed these very naturalist and yet strange images in several stages: by compressing the shots, which were photographed vertically downwards, I changed/transformed the image view into an angle that has almost the impression of looking out of an aeroplane window. This enables the viewer to gain the perspective of a traveller arriving on mars, which is completely fictional: the first man might have these views/impressions in maybe 20 or 30 years.
Because of the lack of color within the transmitted images, I added color such that the surface of this distant planet seems immediately accessible and almost familiar. Sometimes the coloring followed images that are known of marsian landscapes, sometimes the coloring is completely absurd, following the idea, that there is no true color in space. Do aliens have the same sub-spectrum of visible light like man or is it a different part of the electromagnetic spectrum?
The resulting chromogenic prints transform the originals into visual statements that are at once documentary and fictional.
Evocative of abstract and minimalist compositions, some surfaces have been rendered as 3D images, using a technique originally developed in the nineteenth century to convey the illusion of depth. Indicative of NASA’s own efforts to measure topographic highs and lows, these works, add an aspect of the absurd, in the fact that you can actually recognize deep relief on the surface of another planet with cheap 3D glasses.
About the photographer
1958. Zell am Harmersbach, Germany
1977-85 Studied at the Art Akademy in Düsseldorf (with Bernd Becher)
1982 appointed as „Meisterschüler“
2000-06 Professor at Kunstakademie Düsseldorf.
2016 Object Relations, Art Gallery of Toronto; The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo; 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa
2014 Lichten, S.M.A.K., Gent und Kunsthalle Düsseldorf
2012 Haus der Kunst, München
2009 Oberflächen, Tiefen, Kunsthalle Wien
2001-2003 1979-heute, Kunsthalle Baden-Baden; Lenbachhaus, München; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin; Tate Liverpool, u.a.O.
1995 Deutscher Pavillon, Biennale Venedig
1990 Porträts, Häuser, Sterne, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Le Magasin, Grenoble; Kunsthalle Zürich
Richard Mosse, Heat Maps, 2016
Mandy Barker, Beyond Drifting: Imperfectly Known Animals, 2015
Saskia Groneberg, Büropflanze, 2012
Beate Gütschow, S Series, 2004-2009
Benny Lam, Subdivided Flats, 2012
Michael Wolf, Tokyo Compression, 2008-2010
Munem Wasif, Land of Undefined Territory, 2014-2015
Pavel Wolberg, Barricades, 2009-2014
Rinko Kawauchi, Ametsuchi, 2012
Sergey Ponomarev, Europe Migration Crisis, 2015
Sohei Nishino, Diorama Map, 2010-2016
Thomas Ruff, ma.r.s, 2013